關於種地瓜

About planting sweet potato

曾喜悅 採錄, 2008-3-17

Recorded by Xi-Yue Tseng

周定送  口述

Reported by Ding-Song Chao

饒承恩、何德華英文翻譯

Translated into English by Daniel Rau and Victoria Rau

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

關於種地瓜

About planting sweet potato

 

1.ka makoan so  wajin no ka miwawakay ang?

          斜格  哪樣    做地瓜園的事 

[:你是怎麼種地瓜呢?]

How do you plant sweet potato?

 

2.miwawakay rana ya am, vogiin pa saon am,

  做地瓜園的事          圍起來      

katoy rana sia, ta ya aro   o kagling am koikois a,

  砌牆            很多 主格               

[:關於種地瓜的工作,首先先把周圍圍起來,接著就是築圍牆,因為豬羊太多了]

To plant sweet potato, you would first surround the premise. Then, you would build a wall, because there are too many pigs and sheep.

 

3.no teyka rana atoyin am, cibciban rana,

          已經  砌牆         砍草    

teyka rana cibciban am, kahayan na saon

      已經   砍草          最久     

o   kapito a araw am, ipidoa ka piwalam

主格               兩次       休息

o   mangay da citacitan so kozayin da,

主格      他們          斜格       他們

[:砌好牆,砍好草後, 最久七天, 到兩個星期, 就要去看一下所砍的晒乾的草]

After building the wall and weeding the area, within a seven day to two week span, you need to go and check on the weeds that you cut and left to dry.

 

4.no makozay rana am, asleben rana saon am,

     晒乾了   已經            已經     

mateyka rana asleben am, “ala apia rana ya votwaken”

        已經            可能   可以  已經   (種植)

koan am, mangap rana saon so kekekezdas am kakarong,

             已經      斜格    鎌刀         鋤頭

[:當草乾了就燒掉,燒好了以後,,”應該可以種(地瓜苗)了吧”, 於是就拿著鎌刀和鋤頭前往地瓜園去]

When it has all dried, you would burn it. After burning it, one thought, “I should be able to plant (sweet potato sprouts) now.” Therefore, you would take a scythe and hoe to the sweet potato field.

 

 

5.nokakoa am vahalang, o yahap da  so sinasiansa do dang,

    以前        鐵棒    主格 取得 他們 斜格     蘆葦    處格 那裡

ya na to ngapa o vazavazay do dehdah ya am,

       主格    事情    處格 外地人 

ya na to mangap so mivivalatog do kma sang.

         斜格    十字鎬    處格    那樣

[:以前蘆葦根是用鐵棒挖起來的,不過現在已經學漢人的做法,用十字鎬來挖蘆葦根了]

In the past, reeds were dug up with metal rods, but now we have learned from the Hans and dig up reeds with a crossed pick.

 

6.miratateng am, panmaen pa o sinasinasa ori

     然後          首先     主格   蘆葦     那個

a miminen pa a votwaken a, teyka rana votwakan am,

  全部         挖掉           已經     挖掉   

samsaman pa ori do kma so  sang.

   清掃    那個 處格 斜格 那樣

[:把蘆葦根全挖掉以後,就把田裡的草清乾淨]

After all the reeds are dug out, the field needs to be cleared.

 

7.maap na  o  makasa ka piwalam  no votwaken

   拿到  主格  共一      休息   屬格    

o   aro  a sinasa ang,  kapiroa rana so sang

主格 很多   蘆葦         鬆土    已經 斜格 那個

a votwaken rana o pimoan so wakay do kma sang a,

         已經 主格     斜格 地瓜  處格   那樣 

kaipitlo rana dang a  ipiwalam a, 

   三次    已經  那裡     休息    

kapimoa rana do kma sang a.

然後種    已經 處格   那樣 

[:蘆葦根大概要花上一個星期才能挖得完,接下來是鬆土,種地瓜,到這裡為止,大概花掉了三個星期的時間,才開始種地瓜苗]

The roots of reeds take about a week to completely clear. After that, you would loosen the soil and plant the sweet potato. Up to this point, you would have used about three weeks of time before you can plant sweet potato shoots.

 

 

8.no mateyka rana mimoa am,

            已經      

citaen pa do palapalanginan na,

      處格     風向,氣候   

ta todey mimoa do ikarahet no kakawan?

            處格  不好    屬格  天氣

o   niapia na kakawan am, ori saon o ipimoa am,

主格   最好     天氣       那個  主格     

no mimoa am, do madadagdag a ka  no makokoyab am,

         處格   早上       屬格   下午    

ori  o ipimoa,

那樣 主格 

[:種地瓜時,還要看看天氣是否適合種地瓜,天氣不好怎麼可以種地瓜呢?一定是在好天氣的早上跟下午時,是種地瓜最適合的時間]

When planting sweet potato, you must check to see if the weather is good for planting sweet potato. How can you plant sweet potato in bad weather? You must pick a morning and afternoon when the weather is good, because that is the best time to plant sweet potato.

 

9.no teyka rana mimoa so wakay am,

          已經      斜格 地瓜 

ala maap na o kasa vehan am,

可能 花掉  主格       

mangay rana zavozavoken rana do kma sang a,

       已經    除草        已經 處格    那個

[:直到種完地瓜苗為止,大概是花掉一個月的時間, 之後就是要常常去看它,拔拔雜草]

When you have finished planting the sweet potato, about a month would have passed since the beginning of the process. After that, you just need to go check regularly and pull out the weeds.

 

10.o  mey citan so sang am,

   主格       斜格 那個 

“manngo paro  o   nimoa ko sio a,

   如何   不知 主格  所種的 那個 

amian dang so ya nimeymawakwak an” koan na am,

     那裡  斜格    死掉的                

ori   o ipangotod pa do dang  so moaen a alitan do dang.

那樣 主格          處格 那裡 斜格 要種的   換掉 處格 那裡

[:去看它,主要是想到說,”不知道我種的地瓜苗是否有死掉(枯萎)的情形?”所以在去看地瓜的同時,也會順便摘些地瓜苗,以備更換死掉的地瓜苗]

The reason you would go check is because you would think, “Did my sweet potato sprouts die?” Therefore, when going to check on your sweet potato, you would also take some extra sweet potato sprouts to trade for those that had died.

 

11.a no kadoa vehan am, ori rana  o  zavokan so sang,

                  那樣  已經 主格   除草  斜格 那個

ta macita rana o kiyan no tamek do dang,

   看見   已經 主格 已有 屬格     處格 那裡

[:兩個月後,地瓜園差不多也長出雜草了,就開始除草]   

After two months, the sweet potato field would have grown weeds, so you need to weed.

 

12.o tamek rana ori no apia o kakawan am,

   主格        那個 屬格   主格 天氣   

ji walitan, to pangaya ori do nizavokan sia.

   丟掉              那個 處格 除草原處  

a no kacimoy na am, a ji walici nia?

   下雨           丟掉  

to rana walici no nang,  am ori  o  vazay

  已經   丟掉   屬格 那個   那樣 主格 事情

no manzavok rana ya. Kahayan na  o   ipitlo  a manzavok.

屬格   除草    已經      最久      主格  三次     除草

[: 如果除草遇到好天氣, 那麼除過的雜草就不用丟,放在原處就可以了,但是如果遇到下雨天除草,就一定要把除過的雜草丟掉,這是有關除草的事情, 最多除三次草]

If the weather is good when you are weeding, you do not need to throw out the weed, and can leave them there. However, if you are weeding on a rainy day, then you must take the weeds and throw them out. This is what happens with weeding. You would weed at most three times.

 

13.no kazavok pa sia am, kazavok pa sia

       剛除             剛除草   

no ipisa pa ori a, no ipidoa rana kazavok sia am,

   一次  那個      兩次   已經   除草      

tapinoan rana o tngetngeh na, 

  覆蓋     已經 主格   根部   

[:如果第一次除草,那是純除草,第二次除草時,要做根部覆土的工作]

The first time weeding you would only pull out the weeds. The second time, you would cover the exposed roots of the sweet potatoes too.

 

14.macita rana do dang a maviay am,

    看見    已經 處格 那裡        

naknakmen rana dang o kapalasi na am,

          開始  那裡 主格  結果實   

ori tapinoan rana do kma sang.

那樣   覆土        處格    那樣

[:因為看見它已經活了(長得很好了),接著你會想它要開始長果實了,所以你就要做覆土的工作]

Seeing that they are living (growing well), you would think about the fruits, so you would cover the exposed roots with soil.

 

15.pakahemaen ori o livolivon na,

     使鬆軟     那個 主格  周圍   

votvotwaken no vahalang, Ta ori am,

  挖一挖     屬格  鐵棒       那樣

yamotan na no asiasi na am, palasian no asi no wakay,

  使長根 屬格  果實         結果實  屬格 果實 屬格 地瓜

[:用鐵棒挖一挖地瓜的周圍,使土壤鬆一些,使地瓜可以長得又好又快]

You should dig around the sweet potato to loosen the soil so that the sweet potato can grow fast and well.

 

16.katlo a  kapiwalam rana   do dang a kangay na

             休息     已經   處格 那時       

do kadoa vehan am, piveyvogiin pa do dang a,

處格                  ?        處格 那時

kapat na rana vehan a kakteb o ikalima na vehan am,

       已經       , 主格   第五        

apia rana o kacita so asi na, am manaham rana do kma

可以  已經 主格     斜格 果實       品嚐    已經 處格

so sang no magegza ori am,

斜格 那樣 屬格  快的   那個           

[:從第三個星期到兩個月時, vogiin,到了第四個半月時,就可以看看它的果實長得有多大了,並且開始品嚐(第一次吃)新的果實(地瓜),這是地瓜如果長得快時的情形]

From the third week until two months time, you would vogiin. When four and a half months have passed, you can go see how big the fruits have grown and begin to taste (eat for the first time) the new fruit (sweet potato). That is, if the sweet potato grew quickly.

 

16.am no mahay am, ji akalilima vehan a,

        很久                    

kiyan na no asi na do  dang a kamkamoa am,

  才有 屬格 果實 處格 那裡    新種的  

ori   o angangayan na no kma sia

那樣 主格  經過情形   屬格  

a omhakahakaw do kma sang a.   

     耕作     處格    那樣

[:但是如果地瓜長得慢一點,大概要五個月才能收成,這是有關種地瓜的情形]

However, if the sweet potato grew slowly, then you would probably have to wait until the fifth month to harvest. This is what happens when planting sweet potato.

 

17.no manaham rana so wakay am,

       品嚐    已經 斜格 地瓜  

ji da palapilapita o vahalang,

他們     ?        主格  鐵棒     

ta manginanawa do asi na,

     危險      處格 果實

kayan na pa no teytetlo pa apen do dang

       屬格   每三         處格 那裡

a citan pa so kapalasi na am,

  看看  斜格 己長果實 

ori  o pipipangayan no manaham so kamoa do kma sang,

那樣 主格    意思      屬格  品嚐   斜格 新種的 處格 那樣

A kamoa  do dang, ori isaray da  o  kma sang

新種的 處格 那裡  那樣 很高興 他們 主格    那樣

a nimalasi a moamoa da, am kanekanen da.

  已結果實   種植的 他們     吃的     他們

[:要品嚐地瓜時,一定要注意使用鐵棒,不然會很危險(會插傷新地瓜)。而且也只挖三個地瓜作為品嚐之用,品嚐的目的,也是為了想看看所種的新的地瓜到底已長多大的意思。也是很高興所種的地瓜可以收成了的意思]

When you try the sweet potato, you must be careful when using your metal rod, or it could be very dangerous (you may accidentally injure the new sweet potato). Also, you should only dig up three sweet potato to taste. The reason for tasting them is to see how large the sweet potato have grown. It is also an expression of happiness for having sweet potato to harvest.